Mold is fungi that grow in damp places and also inside houses when moisture control is insufficient. The growth of mold must be immediately controlled because apart from damaging everything it grows on; mold can also cause health problems including allergic reactions and asthma attacks. Mold remediation is the process by means of which mold growth can be effectively controlled. It is important to target the source of moisture or else mold can easily return. In other words, treating the symptoms would be useless and it is the source that must be completely removed so mold re-growth can be avoided. Some sources of mold may be found in water leaks, building maintenance problems and HVAC system. Remediation process involves consultation with experts in the field as well as health professionals. Occupants’ safety should not be overlooked as during the remediation process, they may face increased exposure to fungi.
Remediation process starts with assessment of the size of the mold and extent of damage. The remediation manager must first start with water and moisture control. Carefully check each and every building material damaged by mold and also household items which may be have seen mold growth such as furniture. Use personal protection equipment when starting the remediation process in order to avoid direct contact with fungi. A plan is needed to target each and every infected section and may need revisions as new discoveries are made. Health and safety should be the first concern of the remediator and temporary relocation may be required for occupants during the process. During the process HVAC system must be completely turned off as it may be contaminated too and air ducts must be checked before the system can be turned back on.
Hidden mold growth is a huge problem which must be kept in mind during remediation. It may not always be visible and hence can cause regrowth problems once the building material has been cleaned and disinfected. Some common areas where mold may hide include back of a wall, behind wallpaper, in between ceiling tiles, carpets, pads and more. Mold remediation involves use of wet vacuums to drain out water from damp areas. The area is then cleaned using water and regular detergent, HEPA vacuums may be needed for final cleaning. Once this is done, some disinfectant might be required in certain cases and an expert can guide remediation team in this matter. Usually use of biocides and chlorine bleach is discouraged but may be needed in some cases.