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Water leaks in a pipeline system

The most economical and efficient way of transporting gases, oils and other fluids is through a pipeline network. The pipeline should be highly maintained in order to uphold the demand of reliability and safety, if this is not done then there is a high probability of leakage. So how are these leaks formed? There are a number of things that may lead to pipeline leaks. They include: accidents; earth movement (geophysics); damage from excavation tools; sabotage etc.
Water leaks in a pipeline system lead to low water pressure which is not only frustrating but also leads to the damage of equipments and also financial loss. The leak can be detected using the following methods:
Gas Filling: This method is effective when access to the pipe is easy. The procedure includes the introduction of an industrial gas into a pipe and the track is inspected with a device sensitive to that compound. With the gas being pumped at high pressure, if there exists a leak then the detector immediately detects it.